Analyses of both time-series (e.g. Labour Force Survey) and regular (e.g. Work-life Balance Employee and Employer surveys) datasets. Supports the impact assessment for draft regulations that extend UK parental leave legislation to comply with EU Directive 2010/18 on Parental Leave by 2013. The Regulations aim to implement the Parental Leave Directive to encourage shared parenting and maintain attachment to the labour market whilst minimising burdens to business. This supports the proposed new system of flexible parental leave due to be introduced in 2015.